How Russia tried to uproot the Polish elites

Between 1861 and 1881 the largest single category of political prisoners in Siberia were the Poles. Most of the exiles tended to be insurgents or suspected insurgents, as well as persons accused of aiding and harboring the buntovschiki. Marek Jan Chodakiewicz A leading expert on imperial Russia’s penal issues, including St. Petersburg’s use and abuse […]

Siberian Exile in Polish History (Part 4)

Russian terror against the Poles reflects Moscow’s fear of freedom which has been Poland’s organizing principle in the Eastern Borderlands of Western Civilization. Marek Jan Chodakiewicz (…) The Siberians: A Sample Although we have kept the narrative impersonal for the most part, it is imperative to describe a few outstanding individuals who suffered because they […]

Siberian Exile in Polish History (Part 3)

Russian terror against the Poles reflects Moscow’s fear of freedom which has been Poland’s organizing principle in the Eastern Borderlands of Western Civilization. Marek Jan Chodakiewicz (…) Siberia: 1939-1956 Although we concern ourselves here with the victims of the Gulag and the crimes of the Communists, our introduction would be incomplete without a reference to […]

Siberian Exile in Polish History (Part 2)

Russian terror against the Poles reflects Moscow’s fear of freedom which has been Poland’s organizing principle in the Eastern Borderlands of Western Civilization. Marek Jan Chodakiewicz (…) Siberia: From Uprisings to Independence (1768-1921) Over a century and a half lapsed between the Polish demise and resurrection. In over 150 years of direct Russian rule over […]

Siberian Exile in Polish History (Part 1)

Russian terror against the Poles reflects Moscow’s fear of freedom which has been Poland’s organizing principle in the Eastern Borderlands of Western Civilization. Marek Jan Chodakiewicz There has been a horrific continuity and consistency in Russia’s approach to her own people and neighbors. For several centuries now the Kremlin has resorted to deportations as a […]

The Clash of Civilizations: A Child’s Perspective

This is an important memoir, maybe even a welcome harbinger in the much neglected area of Soviet/Russian studies. Marek Jan Chodakiewicz I have read many memoirs from the Second World War and its aftermath, including a large number Polish recollections from the Gulag. Most are primary sources accessible only to a few scholars who have […]